WASHINGTON (CNNMoney) — Federal workers are about to get a 1% cost-of-living pay hike, their first increase in three years.
The raise came about because the budget deal Congress passed in October to end the government shutdown allowed the modest federal pay raise after Jan. 1.
On Dec. 23, President Obama officially issued the order raising pay for the 2.1 million civilian federal work force and active military. While civilians have missed out on cost-of-living increases in the past few years, pay hikes tied to promotions and bonuses have been allowed.
The raise won’t show up for many employees until around Jan. 17, the pay day for the first two weeks of 2014, according to the General Services Administration.
The hike is a bright spot for federal workers who weathered 16 days of furlough during the October shutdown, though they got paid back, as well as several unpaid furlough days through out the summer due to forced federal spending cuts.
Also, as colleagues retire, some workers who remain on the job face larger work loads, because dozens of federal agencies have stopped hiring due to budget cuts.
The hits are taking a toll. This month, a survey of federal employees reported the lowest level of job satisfaction in 10 years, according to the Partnership for Public Service and Deloitte Consulting.
“Psychologically, it’s very valuable for the federal work force to see that there’s some recognition for the work that they do,” said John Palguta, vice president for policy at the Partnership for Public Service, a nonprofit that advocates for efficient government.
House Republicans have argued over the years that federal workers contribute to large deficits. Republicans suggest that federal worker pay and benefits are more generous than the private sector.
A 2012 report from the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office found that federal employees get 46% better benefits on average compared to the private sector.
But when it comes to pay, it isn’t that simple.
Federal employees, on average, make $77,414 a year in wages, about 44% more than private-sector employees’ $53,463, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The difference in pay is often due to higher education levels in the federal workforce, more white-collar jobs and the concentration of jobs located in Washington, a more expensive place to live than other parts of the nation.