ACADEMY AWARDS: Fast Facts On The Oscars
(CNN) — Here is some background information about the Academy Awards, also known as the “Oscars.”
January 16, 2014 – The Oscar nominations are announced by Chris Hemsworth and Cheryl Boone Isaacs.
March 2, 2014 – The 86th annual Academy Awards will be televised live from Hollywood on ABC, with Ellen DeGeneres hosting for the second time.
2014 Nominees (selected): Best Picture: American Hustle Captain Phillips Dallas Buyers Club Gravity Her Nebraska Philomena 12 Years a Slave The Wolf of Wall Street
Best Actor: Christian Bale in”American Hustle” Bruce Dern in “Nebraska” Leonardo DiCaprio in “The Wolf of Wall Street” Chiwetel Ejiofor in “12 Years a Slave” Matthew McConaughey in “Dallas Buyers Club”
Best Supporting Actor: Barkhad Abdi in “Captain Phillips” Bradley Cooper in “American Hustle” Michael Fassbender in “12 Years a Slave” Jonah Hill in “The Wolf of Wall Street” Jared Leto in “Dallas Buyers Club”
Best Actress: Amy Adams for “American Hustle” Cate Blanchette for “Blue Jasmine” Sandra Bullock in “Gravity” Judi Dench for “Philomena” Meryl Streep in “August: Osage County”
Best Supporting Actress: Sally Hawkins in “Blue Jasmine” Jennifer Lawrence in “American Hustle” Lupita Nyong’o in “12 Years a Slave” Julia Roberts in “August: Osage County” June Squibb in “Nebraska”
Best Director: Alfonso Cuaron for “Gravity” Steve McQueen for “12 Years a Slave” Alexander Payne for “Nebraska” David O. Russell for “American Hustle” Martin Scorsese for “The Wolf of Wall Street”
Best Animated Feature: The Croods Despicable Me 2 Frozen The Wind Rises Ernest and Celestine
2013 Winners (selected): Best Picture: “Argo”
Best Actor: Daniel Day-Lewis in “Lincoln”
Best Supporting Actor: Christoph Waltz in “Django Unchained”
Best Actress: Jennifer Lawrence in “Silver Linings Playbook”
Best Supporting Actress: Anne Hathaway in “Les Misérables”
Best Director: Ang Lee for “Life of Pi”
Best Animated Feature: “Brave”
Jeffrey Katzenberg is the recipient of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award and D.A. Pennebaker, George Stevens Jr., and Hal Needham receive Honorary Awards at the Governors Awards.
Other Facts: PricewaterhouseCoopers accounting firm has tallied the ballots since 1934. Newspaper headlines announced the winners before the ceremony until 1941 when the sealed envelope system was put in place. Now only two partners of the firm know the results until the envelopes are opened.
Walt Disney is the most honored person in Oscar history. He received 59 nominations and 26 competitive awards throughout his career.
Composer John Williams is the most-nominated living person with 49 as of 2014 and 5 wins.
Meryl Streep is the most-nominated performer in Academy history with 18 nominations.
Jack Nicholson is the most nominated male performer in Academy history with 12 nominations.
Katharine Hepburn has the most Oscar wins for a performer with four.
Daniel Day-Lewis is the only person to have three Best Actor Oscars.
Tatum O’Neal is the youngest person to ever win an Oscar at 10 years, 148 days old.
Only three films have won Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Writing: in 1934, “It Happened One Night”; in 1975, “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest”; and in 1991, “The Silence of the Lambs”.
No one film has ever taken home all six top prizes, Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actor, Best Supporting Actress.
Scientific and Technical Awards are given out in a separate ceremony for methods, discoveries or inventions that contribute to the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
Timeline: May 16, 1929 – The first Academy Awards are held in the Blossom Room at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. Tickets cost $5.
1929 – The first Best Picture award goes to “Wings.”
1929 – The first statuette ever presented is to Emil Jannings, for his Best Actor performance in “The Last Command.”
1937 – The first presentation of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is given to Darryl F. Zanuck.
1938 – Due to extensive flooding in Los Angeles, the ceremony is delayed for one week.
March 19, 1953 – First televised ceremony is from the Pantages Theater in Hollywood.
1966 – The awards are first broadcast in color.
1968 – Due to the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, the ceremony is moved forward two days as the original date is the day of King’s funeral.
1976-present – ABC broadcasts the Oscars.
1981 – Due to the assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan, the ceremony is postponed 24 hours.
2001 – The Best Animated Feature Film category is added.
June 23, 2009 – The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announces that beginning in 2010, 10 films will receive nominations in the Best Picture category, instead of five.
June 26, 2009 – The Academy announces that beginning in 2010, new rules governing the Best Song category may eliminate that category in any given year. Also, the Thalberg and Hersholt honorary awards will be given at a separate ceremony in November.
June 14, 2011 – The Academy announces new rules governing the Best Picture category, the number of movies nominated may vary from 5 – 10 in any given year and will not be known until the nominees are announced. The new rule goes into effect in 2012.
November 9, 2011 – Eddie Murphy drops out as host of the Oscars in February 2012, one day after producer Brett Ratner quit the show, because of a remark he made that was considered homophobic.